Query : Effects
- European Commission1408
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Sustainable use of Biochar in Mediterranean AgricultureID333784From5 March 2013to1 February 2016FunderEuropean CommissionThe application of biochar (charcoal or biomass-derived black carbon (BC)) to soil is proposed as a novel approach to establish a significant long-term sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide in terrestrial ecosystems. Apart from positive effects on both reducing emissions and increasing the sequestrati...
Bayes or Bust: Sensible Hypothesis Tests for Social ScientistsID283876From2 May 2012to0 April 2017FunderEuropean CommissionThe goal of this proposal is to develop and promote Bayesian hypothesis tests for social scientists. By and large, social scientists have ignored the Bayesian revolution in statistics, and, consequently, most social scientists still assess the veracity of experimental effects using the same methodol...
Dynamic Landscapes, Coastal Environments and Human DispersalsID269586From5 April 2011to4 March 2016FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorUNIVERSITY OF YORKWe aim to understand the relationship between dynamic changes in physical landscapes and patterns of human dispersal and development in prehistory, paying particular attention to the impact of active tectonics and sea-level change. We will:• Introduce and develop concepts and techniques of tectonic...
A welfare comparison between trade and migration: Local public goods, redistributive policies, and housing marketsID268238From2 March 2011to4 March 2013FunderEuropean CommissionThe research project has as general objective to provide further insights to the welfare comparation between trade in goods and migration. A complementary objective is to provide an adequate framework for the discussion of migration policies.There are three issues related to migration flows that are...
Education as a Lifelong Process – Comparing Educational Trajectories in Modern SocietiesID269568From3 June 2011to2 May 2016FunderEuropean CommissionOver the last decades, modern societies have evolved into knowledge-based economies in which the role of education and the organisation of educational institutions have become important in all phases of the life course. More than in the past, today, education is a lifelong process where the individu...
Morphosyntactic language skills in deaf children with a cochlear implant: a cross-linguistic study on Dutch and GermanID300855From0 July 2012to1 September 2013FunderEuropean Commission"Nowadays, many profoundly deaf children are given access to auditory information by means of a cochlear implant (CI). Thanks to this device, these children are able to develop oral speech and language. However, there are still many open questions about the nature of speech and language skills of CI...
Graphene-based Nanoelectronic DevicesID215752From2 January 2008to4 June 2011FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorGESELLSCHAFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MIKRO UND OPTOELEKTRONIK MIT BESCHRANKTERHAFTUNG AMO GMBHThe semiconductor industry is a cornerstone of today's high-tech economy, supporting over 100,000 direct and even more indirect jobs in Europe. This position has been achieved through continued miniaturization in complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, which will only last for a m...
Making the Web an Exploratory for Geospatial KnowledgeID318159From6 December 2012to1 November 2015FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorINSTITUT FUR ANGEWANDTE INFORMATIK (INFAI) EVThe advent of the Data Web demonstrates how Web technologies can be employed to integrate dispersed, heterogeneous information. Most information – be it the product logistics status within supply chains, data warehouses of E-Commerce systems or offerings of the bakery shop next door – has a directly...
Single-molecule junction capabilities to map the electron pathways in redox bio-molecular architecturesID277182From5 March 2012to2 March 2016FunderEuropean CommissionThis proposal presents a novel methodology to explore the mechanisms of different electron pathways in redox bio-molecular architectures at the single-molecule level. Single-molecule contacts have been shown to be experimentally realizable at room temperature. Scanning Probe Microscopies are the mo...
Managing diversity in the EU: The cultural open method of coordination revisitedID327091From1 February 2014to0 September 2016FunderEuropean CommissionOPENCULT focuses on the use of the open method of coordination (OMC) as one of the new cultural policy tools employed by the EU in the wake of the European Agenda for Culture in a Globalizing World (COM(2007) 242). The project will study the configuration of the cultural OMC, the institutional struc...
Heat Propagation and Thermal Conductivity in Nanomaterials for Nanoscale Energy ManagementID628197From6 March 2014to1 February 2016FunderEuropean CommissionThe importance of controlling and understanding energy and heat flow, non-equilibrium processes and fluctuations at small length scales is rapidly gaining attention. This emerging field of nanoscale energy management, starts to play a crucial role in many solid-state device applications and its solu...
Stimulating Innovation for Global Monitoring of Agriculture and its Impact on the Environment in support of GEOGLAM (SIGMA)ID603719From5 November 2013to1 July 2017FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorVLAAMSE INSTELLING VOOR TECHNOLOGISCH ONDERZOEK N.V.By 2050, global agricultural productivity will need to increase with at least 70%. In order to guarantee food production for future generations, agricultural production will need to be based on sustainable land management practises. At present, earth observation based (global) crop monitoring system...
From cooperation to dishonesty: How concern for others can lead to unethical behaviorID333745From5 March 2013to2 February 2017FunderEuropean CommissionCooperation with others is common and beneficial in organizational as well as personal settings. Working together allows people to achieve mutually beneficial outcomes and prosper. While the benefits of cooperation are clear, recent work suggests that when people work together (rather than alone) th...
Likelihood-based estimation of non-linear and non-normal DSGE modelsID240739From4 July 2010to2 June 2015FunderEuropean CommissionDSGE models are the standard tool of quantitative macroeconomics. We use them to measure economics phenomena and to provide policy advice. However, since Kydland and Prescott s 1982, the profession has fought about how to take these models to the data. Kydland and Prescott proposed to calibrate thei...
Dreamspace: A Platform and Tools for Collaborative Virtual ProductionID610005From2 October 2013to5 September 2016FunderEuropean CommissionDreamspace will research, develop and demonstrate tools that enable creative professionals to combine live performances, video and computer-generated imagery in real time and collaborate to create imaginative entertainment and experiences.The film and TV industry is seeking ways of producing audiovi...
Narratives in health communication –a multi-disciplinary approach to strengthen understanding of the roles and uses of narratives in conveying health information and changing health behaviorsID612675From4 May 2014to0 April 2017FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorSTICHTING RADBOUD UNIVERSITEITNarratives play an increasingly important role in (online) communication about health issues. News reporters not only report the cold facts about an upcoming epidemic, but also increasingly employ techniques that are used in novels and movies; serious games use interactive storytelling techniques to...
Cities, States and Markets in the Making of the European Miracle (AD1000-1800): A Unified View.ID333737From3 May 2013to0 April 2017FunderEuropean CommissionFrom AD1000 to 1800, Europe transformed itself from a rural backwater to the leading global power, exporting its technologies and living styles to the rest of the world. The present research project proposes to look at the Holy Roman Empire as a microcosm of states and cities interacting in a federa...
IRELAND AND ITALY’S MIGRATION EXPERIENCES SINCE 1945 COMPAREDID332409From3 January 2014to4 December 2015FunderEuropean CommissionIreland and Italy saw significant proportions of their populations emigrate after 1945 before becoming host to substantial immigrant populations in more recent times. Despite the post-war exodus of millions of Irish and Italians, the literature has consistently failed to quantify the effect this had...
Checking Melanoidins Satiating Efficiency Through Evaluation of Human Gut-Brain Response to Novel-Bread IngestionID300815From1 September 2012to1 August 2015FunderEuropean CommissionThe increase of overweight and obesity among Europeans is becoming an important health and social issue as overweight people have a higher risk of developing diabetes or cardiovascular disease than normal weight people. The diffusion of the Western diet, rich in energy-dense foods, is one possible c...
Food-based solutions for Optimal vitamin D Nutrition and health through the life cycleID613977From5 November 2013to2 October 2017FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorUNIVERSITY COLLEGE CORK - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, CORKVitamin D deficiency has significant implications for human health and impacts on healthy growth and development and successful aging. Fundamental knowledge gaps are barriers to implementing a safe and effective public health strategy to prevent vitamin D deficiency and optimize status. ODIN will pr...
OPerating RAck For Full-Electric VehicleID285671From4 September 2011to3 August 2016FunderEuropean CommissionTo improve deployment of electrical vehicles in Europe, large scale production processes for Rack, cells and electrical components need to be developed. The OPERA4FEV project aims to develop a cost effective innovative thermoplastic battery rack, able to integrate any type of cylindrical cells. The...
ON THE COSTS OF KNOWLEDGE PRIVATIZATIONID631712From4 May 2014to1 April 2018FunderEuropean CommissionPatent systems are supposed to spur incentives to innovate 1) by granting inventors temporary monopoly rights that allow them to recoup their research and development (R&D) investment and 2) by facilitating follow-up inventions by making information about technical inventions available to the public...
DYNAMICS OF INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNIONID238438From5 January 2010to6 May 2014FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorUNIVERSITEIT MAASTRICHTThis ITN brings together Universities, think-tanks and high-level officials that all share a long-term interest in a better understanding of the functioning of institutions in the European system of Multi-level governance (MLG) and who have extensive academic and practical expertise in this field. T...
Dynamic Structural Corporate Finance: Linking Theory and Empirical TestingID284331From6 October 2011to3 September 2015FunderEuropean CommissionThere are three components to this project: Theory; Empirical Testing; and Dissemination. All components are linked to the current policy question of how taxes influence debt and systemic risk, and all use novel dynamic structural models. I am unique in explicitly linking such models to empirical te...
Smart Maintenance and Analysis of Transport InfrastructureID285683From4 September 2011to0 August 2014FunderEuropean CommissionCoordinatorUNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLINEurope needs a safe and cost effective transport network to encourage movement of goods and people within the EU and towards major markets in the East. This is central to European transport, economic and environmental policy. Many parts of Europe’s rail network were constructed in the mid 19th centu...